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Do I Need a Home Security System for my Ohio Home?

What are Crime Rates in Ohio?


Violent crime is on the decline in Ohio, mirroring a national trend toward fewer murders, forcible rapes, robberies and aggravated assaults each year.

Meanwhile, property crimes such as burglary, property theft and vehicle theft have remained steady in Ohio.

The rate of violent crime in Ohio declined 5 percent from 2009 to 2010, the latest year for which complete data is available. (As of October 2012, the state had released only preliminary data for 2011.) The rate of violent crime across the U.S. declined slightly faster, at 6.5 percent. Ohio’s murder rate declined a whopping 9.6 percent in 2010, compared to a national decline of 4.8 percent.

Property crimes in Ohio declining just 0.5 percent from 2009 to 2010, compared to a 3 percent decline nationwide.

Burglary Rates in Ohio

Burglary is one of the most common crimes in the United States, and Ohio is no exception. In fact, Ohio’s burglary rate (923.3 incidents per 100,000 in population) is higher than the U.S. rate and the highest in the East North Central Region of the Midwest, a statistical area defined by the FBI.

Ohio’s burglary rate increased 2.5 percent in 2010, compared to a decline of 2.5 percent for the nation as a whole.

Crime Rates in Major Ohio Cities

Statewide data tells only part of the story when it comes to crime rates. Even as statewide crime rates have declined, some cities have seen big increases in various types of crimes.

Although 2011 statewide data was not yet available for Ohio at the time this article was published, 2011 data had been released for six major cities: Akron, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton and Toledo. The preliminary report tell us:

  • Violent crime decreased from 2010 to 2011 in four cities - Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus and Dayton. Akron saw a 5.6 percent increase and Toledo reported a 0.5 percent increase.
  • Akron and Toledo also saw increases in the murder rate, and the increases were substantial. The rate increased 17.4 percent in Akron and 30.4 percent in Toledo. Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus and Dayton reported a decrease in the murder rate.
  • Forcible rape decreased in Cincinnati, Columbus, and Toledo. The occurrence of rape increased in Cleveland and Dayton. In Akron, the rate was flat.
  • All six cities reported decreases in aggravated assault.
  • Cleveland was the only city that reported an overall increase in property crime (7.6 percent), but Toledo’s data was not usable due to reporting errors.

When it comes to burglary (one of three crimes that is considered a property crime), the results were mixed. Below is a chart showing the change in burglary rates in major cities from 2010 to 2011:

Metro Area CHANGE IN BURGLARY RATE
Akron -0.10%
Cincinnati 2.10%
Cleveland 8.40%
Columbus -0.60%
Dayton -7.90%
Toledo 14.80%

Do I Need a Home Security System in Ohio?

Safety is never guaranteed. Still, purchasing a home security system is one of the best things you can do to protect your family, home and belongings.

A Rutgers University study published in 2009 found that a steady decrease in burglaries in Newark, N.J., from 2001 to 2005 was directly linked to an increase in the number of registered home burglar alarms during the same time period.

Also, a respected 1998 study published in the Journal of Economic and Social Measurement concluded that the probability of a burglary is virtually nil in homes with burglar alarms. The study, The Use of Household Survey Data: The Probability of Property Crime Victimization, was based on questionnaires sent to more than 20,000 households, both with and without alarms.

Home security systems are pretty affordable, particularly for the peace of mind they provide. Expect to spend anywhere from $100 to $130 per entry point (doors and windows) for a hardwired alarm system with motion detectors. For many homes, this works out to a total cost between $1,000 and $2,000. Monitoring costs usually range from $20 to $50 per month.

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